Altering Sleep Habits
Getting too little sleep, or too much sleep, can trigger a migraine, so try to stick to a regular sleep schedule. Work on getting 7 to 9 hours of uninterrupted sleep each night. Try going to bed at the same time each night. To help prevent insomnia, limit the amount of caffeine and exposure to light you get before bed, including television.
The Stresses of Life
Stress and anxiety can be a major trigger of migraines. They can also make an already painful migraine worse. Learn how to reduce stress through relaxation exercises, physical activity, or talking out your problems. Even if you’re someone who is always on the go, try to take time out to do something you truly enjoy. Be good to yourself.
Overusing Pain Medications
Regular use of pain medication — even over-the-counter products like acetaminophen and ibuprofen — can cause migraines to increase in frequency and intensity. This is known as a rebound headache or medication overuse headache.
Your Hormone Fluctuations
Hormones that contribute to a woman’s menstrual cycle can also trigger migraines. As a result, certain hormone therapies may result in more frequent migraines. If you are sensitive to hormones, discuss your birth control options with your doctor. A birth control pill that is low in hormones, or a non-hormone birth control option, may work better for you. In addition, using birth control pills that limit monthly hormone fluctuations may also be beneficial.
Being Exposed to Certain Smells
Scents can trigger migraines in some individuals who are sensitive to smell. Common scent triggers include flowers, perfume, cleaning products, pain, and dust. Inhaling cigarette smoke, whether you are smoking yourself or are exposed to second-hand smoke, can also cause a migraine.
Being Exposed to Bright Lights
While sensitivity to light is a common migraine symptom, being exposed to a sudden, bright light can actually trigger a migraine. This can include bright sunlight or fluorescent lights. It’s also important to be mindful of glares, such as those on your computer screen, or reflected sunlight that can appear suddenly and cause a migraine.
If you know that your migraines are triggered by bright light, it may be advisable to wear sunglasses and a hat when out in the sun or in a room with a bright light.
Fasting or missing a meal can easily bring on a migraine. This is thought to be a result of low blood sugar, although the precise cause is not known. So take care of your body by eating regular meals and drinking water to avoid dehydration.
Your daily cup of joe might have turned into three cups of joe, which can worsen your migraine disorder. Likewise, missing your morning cup of joe can also precipitate a caffeine-withdrawal headache. Moderating your caffeine intake will likely help your migraines in the long-term.
Source: Very Well